Cashew Kernel Specification

General Characteristic of cashew kernal is that they have been obtained through roasting, shelling and peeling cashew nuts. (Anacardium occidentale L.)

Special characteristics of Cashew Kernals are the following :

1. Cashew Kernals - White Wholes

Grade Designation Trade Name Colour / Characteristics Count/454 gms size description Max. Moisture% Broken Max% NLSG NLG max%
W-180 White Wholes White/pale ivory/light ash.
Characteristic shape
170-180 5 5 5(NLSG & SW together)
W-210 do do 200-210 5 5 do
W-240 do do 220-240 5 5 do
W-320 do do 300-320 5 5 do
W-450 do do 400-450 5 5 do
W-500 do do 450-500 5 5 7.5(SSW)

Remarks: Kernels shall be completely free from infestation, insect damage, mould rancidity, adhering testa and objectionable extraneous matter. Scraped and partially shrivelled kernels also permitted provided such scraping/shrivelling does not affect the characteristic shape of the kernel.

2. Cashew Kernels - Scorched Wholes

Grade Designation Trade Name Colour / Characteristics Count/454 gms size description Max. Moisture% Broken Max% NLSG NLG max%
SW Scorched Wholes Kernels may be scorched/slightly darkened due to over-heating while roasting or drying in drier/borma NA 5 5 7.5 (SSW)
SW-180 do do 170-180 5 5 7.5 (NLSG & SSW together)
SW-210 do do 200-210 5 5 do
SW-240 do do 220-240 5 5 do
SW-320 do do 300-320 5 5 do
SW-450 do do 400-450 5 5 do
SW-500 do do 450-500 5 5 do

Remarks: Kernels shall be completely free from infestation, insect damage, mould rancidity, adhering testa and objectionable extraneous matter. Scraped and partially shrivelled kernels also permitted provided such scraping/shrivelling does not affect the characteristic shape of the kernel.

3. Cashew Kernels - Desert Wholes

Grade Designation Trade Name Colour / Characteristics Count/454 gms size description Max. Moisture% Broken Max% NLSG NLG max%
SSW Scorched Wholes Seconds Kernels may be over-scorched, immature, shriveled (Pirival), speckled (Karaniram) discoloured and light blue. N.A 5 5 7.5 (DW)
DW do do N.A 5 5

Remarks: Kernels shall be completely free from infestation, insect damage, mould rancidity, adhering testa and objectionable extraneous matter.

4. Cashew Kernels - White Pieces

Grade Designation Trade Name Colour/Characteristics Count/454 gms size description Max. Moisture% Broken Max% NLSG NLG max%
B Butts White/pale ivory/light ash. Characteristic shape N.A 5 5 5(SB)
S Splits White/pale ivory or light ash. Kernels Split naturally lengthwise N.A 5 5 5 (SS)
LWP Large White Pieces White/pale ivory or light ash Kernels broken into more than two pieces and not passing through 4 mesh 16 SWG sieve/4.75mm. I.S.Sieve 5 Nil 5 (SW & SP together)
SWP Small White Pieces White/pale ivory or light ash Broken Kernels smaller than those described on LWP but not passing through 6 mesh 20 SWG Sieve/2.80 mm I.S. Sieve 5 Nil 5 (BB & SSP together)
BB Baby Bits do Plemules and broken Kernels smaller than those described as SWP but not Passing through a 10 mesh 24 SWG Sieve/1.70mm I..S. Sieve 5 Nil 1% (cashew powder)

Remarks: Kernels shall be completely free from infestation, insect damage, mould rancidity, adhering testa and objectionable extraneous matter. Scraped and partially shrivelled kernels also permitted provided such scraping/shrivelling does not affect the characteristic shape of the kernel.

5. Cashew Kernels - Scorched Pieces

Grade Designation Trade Name Colour/Characteristics Count/454 gms size description Max. Moisture% Broken Max% NLSG NLG max%
SB Butts White/pale ivory/light ash. Characteristic shape N.A 5 5 7.5 (DB)
SS Splits White/pale ivory or light ash. Kernels Split naturally lengthwise N.A 5 5 7.5 (DS)
SP Scorched Pieces Kernels may be scorched/slightly darkened due to over-heating while roasting or drying in drier/borma Pieces passing through a mesh 16 SWG sieve/4.75 mm I.S. Sieve 5 Nil 7.5 (SSP & SPS together)
SSP Scorched Small Pieces Kernels may be scorched/slightly darkened due to over-heating while roasting or drying in drier/borma Pieces smaller than SP but not passing through a 6mesh 20 SWG Sieve/2.80 mm I.S. Sieve 5 Nil 5 (DSP)

Remarks: Kernels shall be completely free from infestation, insect damage, mould rancidity, adhering testa and objectionable extraneous matter. Scraped and partially shrivelled kernels also permitted provided such scraping/shrivelling does not affect the characteristic shape of the kernel.

6. Cashew Kernels - Dessert Pieces

Grade Designation Trade Name Colour/Characteristics Count/454 gms size description Max. Moisture% Broken Max% NLSG NLG max%
SPS Scorched Pieces Seconds Kernels may be over-scorched immature, shrivelled (Pirival) speckled(Karaniram) discoloured and light blue Kernels broken into pieces but not passing through a 4 mesh 16 SWG sieve/4.75 mm I.S. Sieve 5 Nil 7.5 (DP & DSP together)
DP Dessert Pieces Kernels may be deep scorched, deep Brown, blue, speckled, discoloured and black spotted Kernels broken into pieces but not passing through a 4 mesh 16 SWG sieve/4.75 mm and I.S.Sieve 5 Nil 7.5 (DSP)

Remarks: Kernels shall be completely free from infestation, insect damage, mould rancidity, adhering testa and objectionable extraneous matter.

NLSG denotes: Next Lower Size Grade. NLG denotes: Next Lower Grade.

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